WESTERN DECORATION IDEAS - DECORATION IDEAS
Western decoration ideas - Ideas for decorating for christmas
Western Decoration Ideas
- The process or art of decorating or adorning something
- A thing that serves as an ornament
- the act of decorating something (in the hope of making it more attractive)
- something used to beautify
- an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event
- Situated in the west, or directed toward or facing the west
- relating to or characteristic of the western parts of the world or the West as opposed to the eastern or oriental parts; "the Western world"; "Western thought"; "Western thought"
- a sandwich made from a western omelet
- (of a wind) Blowing from the west
- Living in or originating from the west, in particular Europe or the U.S
- a film about life in the western United States during the period of exploration and development
- An opinion or belief
- (idea) a personal view; "he has an idea that we don't like him"
- (idea) mind: your intention; what you intend to do; "he had in mind to see his old teacher"; "the idea of the game is to capture all the pieces"
- A thought or suggestion as to a possible course of action
- A concept or mental impression
- (idea) the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about; "it was not a good idea"; "the thought never entered my mind"
??????? - Old City - Prophets Tombs 1
Zechariah's Tomb and Bene Hezir Tomb
TOMBS IN THE JERUSALEM VALLEYS
By Jacqueline Schaalje
If the Temple Mount is Heaven, then the valleys around it represent the opposite.
The valleys surrounding Jerusalem's Old City have long been associated with Hell and the Last Judgment.
According to sources in the Bible and elsewhere, and archaeological finds, the Kidron and Hinnom Valleys were a busy burying ground.
Hundreds of graves, mostly from the Second Temple Period and belonging to wealthy Jews, lie scattered here.
A number of these have been excavated. Work on this is still continuing.
The Kidron Valley, actually a wadi as it consists of a dry river bed, cuts along the Old City on the east and north side.
On the east lies the Mount of Olives, which has one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries.
On the north, Mount Scopus gently slopes upwards.
The Kidron valley was thought to be the place of the last Judgment due to the combination of quotes by two prophets.
The visionary Joel wrote that the final reckoning of God would be in the valley of Jehoshaphat.
It was also simply the name of one of the kings of Judah, who was buried in the valley and gave it its name.
Zechariah thought that the day of reckoning would take place on the Mount of Olives.
People who let themselves be interred there hoped to be the first in line to be received by God's redeeming justice.
In the depth three magnificent structures can be seen. They can be reached by foot from the Mount of Olives.
The first and most famous one is the Tomb of Avshalom.
As is usual with almost all of these tombs, it has received a name that is very far removed from the real purpose and history of the monument.
The first 'discovery' that it had something to do with Avshalom was by the medieval writer Benjamin of Tudela, who freely interpreted the text in 2 Samuel 18:18:
'Avshalom in his lifetime set up for himself a pillar that is in the King's Valley."
Local Arabs also gave the monument a name, 'Pharaoh's Hat', because the top is conical.
Tomb of Absalom
This elegant shrine has nothing to do with Avshalom, the rebellious son of David.
It dates from the first century. In David's time Jerusalem only consisted of a small settlement on the ridge south of the Temple Mount, which is known as the City of David.
It was also here that the kings of the First Temple Period were buried, so it would be unlikely to find a grave of David's line in the Kidron valley.
So who was buried in the 20 meters high Avshalom's Tomb then? It probably belonged to the adjacent burial cave of Jehosphahat.
The memorial or 'nefesh' is cut in the rock up to the roof and has Ionic columns on its four sides.
The grave itself is decorated with vine leaves and bunches of grapes and has eight separate burial chambers.
According to the custom of the times, the dead would be lain in one of these chambers.
Often the bones were later collected and put in a stone chest with lids, or ossuary. These were also found in great abundance in the valleys.
The most impressive ones are on display in the archaeological section of the Israel Museum.
The second tomb is the Tomb of Zechariah, again an incorrect name. It probably served as the nefesh of the tomb below it.
This is indicated by the Hebrew inscription on the architrave above the two Doric columns on the lower monument on the south side, which says that it belonged to the priestly family of the Bene Hezir.
The second structure on the north side is the actual tomb. The Hezirs worked in the Temple.
The name also appears in the Bible: "the seventeenth of Hezir (1 Chronicles 24:15)."
They continued serving also in the Second Temple, because they are again mentioned among the functionaries (Nehemiah 10:20).
The Doric columns of the Bene Hezir tomb are carved from the rock. The upper tomb of Zechariah is a square structure with Ionic columns and covered with a roof in the form of a pyramid.
There are other tombs in the Kidron valley, but they are less known, partly because they are in the village of Silwan on a separate hill.
This was sometimes called the Mount of Offense; once the heathen Temple for Solomon's wives stood on its summit.
The Arab village itself is not a popular tourist spot.
It is built on a cemetery of the Iron Age.
Some of the graves here are very old, and go back to the ninth century BCE.
They were dug by Phoenicians. Their graves, in the middle of the rock, were never used. They are just empty holes.
At a later time Jewish Temple officials designed graves for themselves in Silwan. One of these is known as the Tomb of Pharaoh's Daughter, after a thought that it was a temple which Solomon had built for his Egyptian wife (1 Kings 3:1). It is located in the north of the village, and looks like a house without windows.
The structure is similar to the Tomb of Zechariah and consists of a rock-hewn cube with a pyramidal roof on it. Again t
Christmas in China II
It amazes me how quickly China is evolving to include Western holidays, such as Christmas and Halloween. This photo, taken almost two years ago in a shopping mall in downtown Shanghai.. gives you an idea at how China is welcoming Christmas into their culture. However, it'll still be many, many years before they add it as a true holiday! Decorations are not too easy to find as of yet, but is suspect that possibly next year or so, they will be much more accessible!
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